The Callaway County Sheriff's Office is primarily responsible for law enforcement response throughout unincorporated Callaway County, spanning a vast 842 square miles with a total county population exceeding 44,000 residents. Major thoroughfares including Interstate 70, US Highway 63, and US Highway 54 provide for numerous travelers passing through the county daily. Additionally, the agency handles numerous other statutory functions; including but not limited to: operation of the county jail, service of Court (criminal and civil) process, registration and supervision of registered sex offenders, entry and auditing of all state Court warrants, issuance/renewal of carry concealed weapon (CCW) permits, and probate service. Significant law enforcement is also provided to the city police departments (Fulton, Holts Summit, and Auxvasse), state and federal law enforcement agencies, and outside agencies seeking assistance with criminal investigations
To provide the most effective service possible, the Callaway County Sheriff's Office employs 17 patrol deputies, four patrol sergeants (two of which are K9 handlers), two patrol lieutenants, three criminal investigators, three school resource officers, one Court process server, one evidence custodian/administrative sergeant, one criminal investigator dedicated to the MUSTANG Drug Task Force, two domestic violence specific criminal investigators who assists all law enforcement agencies within Callaway County with domestic violence investigations, and four administrative assistants whom handle the agency specific statutory obligations. An administrative Major and Lieutenant assist with all duties and obligations of the agency while assisting the Sheriff with agency oversight and administrative functions. Patrol deputies of the Callaway County Sheriff's Office provide true 24/7 law enforcement protection to the citizens of Callaway County.
The Callaway County Jail, under the control of the Sheriff, employs a Jail Administrator (Captain), two lieutenants, an inmate transport deputy, an administrative assistant, four detention sergeants and 20 full-time detention officers. Annually, the jail staff book/process approximately 2,800 arrested subjects while maintaining an average daily population of approximately 80 to 100 inmates. Jail medical and other inmate services are facilitated by outside vendors through contractual agreements as approved by the Sheriff and Callaway County Commission. The county jail is the intake for all subjects arrested in Callaway County as none of the municipalities operate a city jail.
The Callaway County Sheriff's Office operates a fleet of Ford Police Interceptor Utility vehicles, Ford F150s, Dodge Durangos, one Dodge Charger, and one Ford Transit jail transport van. Patrol deputies drive approximately 30,000 miles annually and their vehicles accumulate in excess of 150,000 miles before they are rotated out of the daily fleet. The Ford F150s are traded much sooner due to a trade-in value that results in a near break-even cost, saving significant taxpayer money.
The Callaway County Sheriff, an elected position, is the termed Chief Law Enforcement Officer of the County.